Stalag XVIIIA ​Wolfsberg

War time place name:
Wolfsberg
Contemporary local place name:
Wolfsberg

Stalag XVIIIA was a Second World War German Army prisoner-of-war camp located to the south of the town of Wolfsberg, in the southern Austrian state of Carinthia, then a part of Nazi Germany. A sub-camp Stalag XVIIIA/Z was later opened in Spittal an der Drau about 100 km (62 mi) to the west.

The camp, first designated Oflag XVIIIB, was opened at the site of a former parade ground on 19 October 1939, after the German invasion of Poland. The first inmates were Polish officers, from Spring 1940 also Belgian and French officers captured in the Battle of France. Wolfsberg remained a sub-camp of Stalag XVIIA Kaisersteinbruch, until in March 1941 the officers were transferred to other camps and the camp was redesignated a Stalag of the military district XVIII, with French and Belgian prisoners being transferred in from Stalag XVIIA. The first British and Commonwealth prisoners arrived in July 1941 from a transit camp in Thessaloniki, Greece, having been captured during the battles of Greece and Crete. The first Soviet prisoners arrived in October 1941, and were housed in a separate enclosure.

In December a typhus epidemic broke out, and the entire camp was quarantined until March 1942. Many prisoners died, mainly Russians, as their living conditions and rations were substantially inferior to the other prisoners. In June 1942, to ease overcrowding, three new barracks were built, and 400 British NCOs were transferred to Stalag XVIIIB at Spittal. In January 1943 the camp at Spittal became a Zweiglager (sub-camp) of Wolfsberg, and was redesignated as Stalag XVIIIA/Z. In March 1943 a Lazarett (Camp Hospital) was built there.

In November 1943, after the Italian armistice, Italian and Commonwealth prisoners arrived from Italy. Two hundred NCOs were transferred to Stalag XVIIIC at Markt-Pongau in June 1944. That month there were a total of 38,831 prisoners registered at the camp. Of these 10,667 were British and Commonwealth troops, of which only 825 were in the main camp, while the rest were attached to various Arbeitskommandos (Working Parties). In August 1944, according to a Red Cross report, there were 313 Arbeitskommandos attached to Stalag XVIIIA, which were split fairly equally between Landwirtschaft (agriculture or forestry) and Gewerbliche Wirtschaft (trade and industry). There were several attempts to escape, primarily from the Arbeitskommandos.

On 18 December 1944 the camp was bombed by U.S. aircraft. Forty-six prisoners and several guards were killed. Both the British and French camp hospitals were hit, with the British hut being almost completely destroyed. On the approach of Allied forces in April 1945 all fit prisoners from the camps and neighbouring labour units were marched east to Stalag XVIIIC.

Officially, the camp was liberated by elements of the British 8th Army on 11 May 1945. In fact the prisoners had been in control of the camp since the 8th, the day of the German surrender. That day the Kommandant, Hauptmann Steiner, had handed over control of the camp to the Senior British Medical Officer and the Men of Confidence. French and British prisoners disarmed their guards and took control of the camp armoury, and the local Post Office, Railway Station and Police Station. Over the next few weeks the prisoners were transported via Klagenfurt to transit camps in Bari and Naples, from where they were eventually repatriated. By the middle of June only Russian prisoners remained, these were eventually exchanged for British and American POWs in Russian hands, near Graz. The camp then served as a British detention centre for ex-Nazis, before finally closing in mid-1947.

Xviiia Barrow

Photograph taken by John Ledgerwood. Written on the back is:
A barrel of so called beer being wheeled up on a day off at Stalag 18A at Wolfsberg. Note game of two-up in progress in left hand corner.

Links

Photos

There are also photos of Stalag XVIIIA within the links shown above.

 

Found 5025 POWs

View these result on a separate page

Last name First name Rank Nationality Unit Service number Camp POW number
Abbot Norman Private British Army, Royal Army Service Corps 218782 T/218782 Stalag XVIIIA ​Wolfsberg 4302
Abbott Joseph William Private British Army, The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment) 6291268 Stalag XVIIIA ​Wolfsberg 8471
Abdale John Driver British Army, Royal Engineers 2187939 Stalag XVIIIA ​Wolfsberg 2478
Abel David Private New Zealand Army (2nd New Zealand Expeditionary Force) 33843 Stalag XVIIIA ​Wolfsberg 755
Abiri Moshe Private British Army, Palestinian Pioneer Corps PAL/13386 Stalag XVIIIA ​Wolfsberg 4618
Able George Private British Army, Royal Army Service Corps T 64834 Stalag XVIIIA ​Wolfsberg 8847
Ablitt Herbert William Able Seaman Royal Navy (UK) C/JX278427 Stalag XVIIIA ​Wolfsberg 6045
Abraham William Charles Private Australian Army (2nd Australian Imperial Force), Australian Infantry NX6641 Stalag XVIIIA ​Wolfsberg 3115
Abraitis Vincent Driver British Army, Royal Army Service Corps 35930 T/35930 Stalag XVIIIA ​Wolfsberg 2489
Absalom Reginald Herman Corporal Australian Army (2nd Australian Imperial Force), 2/48 Battalion (Aus) SX11667 Stalag XVIIIA ​Wolfsberg 6538
Ackerman Paul J Private South African Army (Union Defence Force) 5253 Stalag XVIIIA ​Wolfsberg 8503
Acres Arthur William Sergeant British Army, Essex Regiment 6008629 Stalag XVIIIA ​Wolfsberg 39759
Adam Argus Forsyth Corporal New Zealand Army (2nd New Zealand Expeditionary Force) 15270 Stalag XVIIIA ​Wolfsberg 9544
Adamides Christo George Private British Army, Palestinian Pioneer Corps PA/11634 Stalag XVIIIA ​Wolfsberg 8920
Adams John W Driver British Army, Royal Army Service Corps T/217934 Stalag XVIIIA ​Wolfsberg 154239
Adams Hugh Miller Lance Corporal New Zealand Army (2nd New Zealand Expeditionary Force) 22158 Stalag XVIIIA ​Wolfsberg 4142
Adams Henry Frederick Marine Royal Marines EX1928 Stalag XVIIIA ​Wolfsberg 4386
Adams Hugh Miles William Private New Zealand Army (2nd New Zealand Expeditionary Force), 20th Battalion (NZEF) Stalag XVIIIA ​Wolfsberg 19750
Adams James Private British Army 1563 Stalag XVIIIA ​Wolfsberg 6569
Adams Jack L Private Canadian Army, Hastings and Prince Edward Regiment 4369 C4369 Stalag XVIIIA ​Wolfsberg 7635
Adams Robert Ernest Private Australian Army (2nd Australian Imperial Force) QX7397 Stalag XVIIIA ​Wolfsberg 3701
Adams David Maxwell Signalman New Zealand Army (2nd New Zealand Expeditionary Force) 36643 Stalag XVIIIA ​Wolfsberg 582
Adamson Adam Lancelot Private Australian Army (2nd Australian Imperial Force) NX2686 Stalag XVIIIA ​Wolfsberg 534
Adcock John Walter Corporal British Army, Royal Armoured Corps 7883087 Stalag XVIIIA ​Wolfsberg 9263
Adcock John Private New Zealand Army (2nd New Zealand Expeditionary Force) 6922 Stalag XVIIIA ​Wolfsberg 9354
Adcock Herbert John Private Australian Army (2nd Australian Imperial Force), 2/6 Battalion (Aus) VX6103 Stalag XVIIIA ​Wolfsberg 3045
Addison Leslie George Private Australian Army (2nd Australian Imperial Force), 2/32 Battalion (Aus) VX46053 Stalag XVIIIA ​Wolfsberg 6562
Agate George A F Private British Army, Royal Armoured Corps 7889243 Stalag XVIIIA ​Wolfsberg 7096
Agi Mony Private British Army, Palestinian Pioneer Corps 12004 Stalag XVIIIA ​Wolfsberg 4625
Ahern Cornelius Driver British Army, Royal Army Service Corps T/207722 Stalag XVIIIA ​Wolfsberg 2376
Aherne William Gunner British Army, Royal Artillery 1463698 Stalag XVIIIA ​Wolfsberg 8671
Ahlston Phillip Gunner Australian Army (2nd Australian Imperial Force), 2/2 Field Regiment (Aus) VX486 Stalag XVIIIA ​Wolfsberg 2374
Aitken Alexander Davidson Corporal British Army, Royal Artillery 1624188 Stalag XVIIIA ​Wolfsberg 8392
Aitken Thomas Bruce Gunner New Zealand Army (2nd New Zealand Expeditionary Force) 24871 Stalag XVIIIA ​Wolfsberg 4195
Aitken Thomas Lance Corporal British Army, Royal Engineers 3057034 Stalag XVIIIA ​Wolfsberg 1411
Aitken George Sapper British Army, Royal Engineers 1989179 Stalag XVIIIA ​Wolfsberg 2691
Aitkin James Soldier British Army Stalag XVIIIA ​Wolfsberg
Akerman Dov Soldier British Army 11879 Stalag XVIIIA ​Wolfsberg 4728
Akester Eric Herbert Sergeant British Army, Green Howards 4389722 Stalag XVIIIA ​Wolfsberg 9377
Alban George L Gunner British Army, Royal Artillery 964692 Stalag XVIIIA ​Wolfsberg 5650
Albery Edward Leonard Sergeant British Army, The Welch Regiment 3957515 Stalag XVIIIA ​Wolfsberg 3316
Albrow Arthur Froen Corporal British Army, Royal Army Service Corps 111871 Stalag XVIIIA ​Wolfsberg 3444
Alcock Frederick James Private South African Army (Union Defence Force) 89704 Stalag XVIIIA ​Wolfsberg 8327
Alder Thomas Edward Sergeant Major British Army, Green Howards 4384271 Stalag XVIIIA ​Wolfsberg 9463
Alderdice William Alexander Signaller Australian Army (2nd Australian Imperial Force), 2/1 Battalion (Aus) NX 1108 Stalag XVIIIA ​Wolfsberg 4059
Alderson Wilfred Regimental Sergeant Major Warrant Officer 1st Class British Army, East Yorkshire Regiment 4384175 Stalag XVIIIA ​Wolfsberg 8937
Alderson Edwin Sapper British Army, Royal Engineers 1876199 Stalag XVIIIA ​Wolfsberg 7862
Alderwood Ernest Daniel Private British Army, Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire Regiment 5954716 Stalag XVIIIA ​Wolfsberg 3167
Aldridge James Frederick Gunner British Army, Royal Artillery 1039730 Stalag XVIIIA ​Wolfsberg 7155
Aldridge Kenneth Albert Sergeant British Army, Royal Armoured Corps 7884502 Stalag XVIIIA ​Wolfsberg 9303